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Year 4 Term 2i resources - Spelling words with common letter strings

This pack contains activities to support teaching and learning about common letter strings and patterns. It covers: ing / le / tch / str / kn / wr / mb / ight / igh / ough / ear.


  • Spelling patterns introduction: Explains common letter patterns and how they can be an aid to spelling, and gives lists of words containing 'ing' 'le' 'tch' and 'str'. Encourages the children to think of words containing 'kn' 'mb' and 'wr', then gives examples of words with any exceptions.
  • Spelling pattern 'gh' introduction: Includes a passage to read with words containing 'gh', explaining that it can be pronounced in different ways. With the sheet listed below, the children are instructed to go through the passage and look at different letter patterns containing 'gh'.
  • Letter pattern ight: Looks at which part of words contain the pattern, and gives a list of 'ight' words for the children to read, and then spell. It goes on to look at other words ending in 'ite', and asks which is the most common spelling to use.
  • Letter pattern igh: A list of 'igh' and 'eigh' words, followed by a spelling activity.
  • Letter pattern oug: Lists the 'ough' words according to how they are pronounced, followed by a spelling activity, with a mnemonic to help the children remember how to spell the letter string.

The cards below are 6 to an A4 sheet, and contain all the age appropriate words in each letter string:

  • Kn word cards
  • Mb word cards
  • Wr word cards
  • Augh word cards
  • Ear word cards
  • Igh and eigh word cards
  • Ight word cards
  • Ough word cards


  • Gh letter patterns recording sheet
  • Ough letter pattern recording sheet


  • Wordsearch 'ear'
  • Wordsearch 'ight'
  • Wordsearch 'kn'
  • Wordsearch 'mb'
  • Wordsearch 'ough'
  • Wordsearch 'wr'

Each game contains a relevant wordlist - the children have to pick 12 words and write them onto their bingo cards.

  • Bingo 'ear'
  • Bingo 'ight'
  • Bingo 'kn'
  • Bingo 'mb' and 'wr'
  • Bingo 'ough' and 'augh'


  • A planning sheet indicating where each resource fits in the unit
  • Letter strings word list for teacher use.


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